34 states have laws on the books that penalize individuals or companies that use boycott and other nonviolent measures aimed at pressuring Israel on its human rights record.
There are parallel efforts at the federal level to adopt legislation prohibiting American citizens from boycotting companies that profit from Israel’s violation of international law.
Some of the anti-boycott bills/laws require the creation of blacklists of activists, non-profit organizations, and/or companies that are engaged in such boycott campaigns. Opponents have called the blacklists 21st-century McCarthyism.
Several states have passed or introduced similar legislation that punishes companies that boycott or divest from the fossil fuel industry or firearm manufacturers. Architects for the fossil fuel bills cite the anti-boycott bills related to Israel as their model.