(1928-2014) A Jewish Israeli
political figure. Aloni was first elected to the Israeli Knesset
(parliament) in 1965 as a member of the Labor party. She was dropped from the Labor party election list in 1969 due to disagreements with party general-secretary Golda Meir
. After officially resigning from Labor in 1973, she founded the Ratz party, which merged into the Meretz
party in 1992, and was aligned with the Israeli peace movement. During the 1980's, she advocated for direct negotiations with the Palestine
Liberation Organization (PLO) and participated in meetings with the PLO as a member of the International Center for Peace in the Middle East, which she established. Between 1992 and 1995, she served in the positions of Minister of Education, Minister of Communications and Minister of Science and Culture. In 1996, she retired from the Knesset and taught at various Israeli universities. She was a board member of the Israeli organization Yesh Din-Volunteers for Human Rights. Aloni repeatedly spoke publicly against Israeli violations of Palestinian
human rights and called for the construction of an Israeli Bill of Rights. See "Shulamit Alon"i
Naomi Chazan, Jewish Women's Archive, December 9, 2011.